History of Technology
Wolf argued "that modern science was derived from technology through the wisdom accumulated via the 'technical arts,' and through the invention of a few critical instruments e. In these terms, technology is defined as practical science--science as technique.
According to Bertrand Russell , p. The history of technology is long and complex. In fact, as discussed in unit 1, there is a fundamental disagreement about what is technology. Was the discovery of fire the first technology? Or, was the wheel or the plow the first technology? In contrast to other units, in this unit we will focus on specific examples in the history of technology.
Of course, inter-dispersed with the examples, there will be a discussion of the historical significance of these technologies in the time they were invented.
A brief history of technology | World Economic Forum
Also, we will discuss the effect of these technologies on subsequent developments in history, technology, and science. As discussed in unit 1, The Nature of Science and Technology , modern science developed almost solely out of Western Europe.
- Sidgwickian Ethics.
- Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) | JHU Press.
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Technology, however, has a more eclectic past. It is this eclectic past that we will explore in this unit. Our travels through technology will not be comprehensive; instead, we will focus on three specific topics: Technology in the Middle Ages , Chinese Contributions to Technology , and Islam Spain and the History of Technology. These topics were chosen to build upon our discussion of the nature of technology in Unit 1 and to provide a context for our future discussion of technology beginning at the Industrial Revolution in Unit 3 Technology and Work.
Does technology drive history?
It is hoped that when you move to Unit 3 you will better understand the complex nature of technological development and diffusion. When the dot-com bubble burst in the early s, stocks sunk and hundreds of companies went completely out of business. Thousands of other companies laid off large portions of their workforces.
Nobody can pin down an exact reason for the crash, but numerous factors were at play. Some of the reasons often given for the dot-bomb crash include:.
Mix all of these together and the result was a long-term recession, which hit the technology industry particularly hard. Less than half of the affected dot-com companies survived until , and many of those that did became much more cautious about expanding.
The World History Project timeline describes the order of events that show how the bubble swelled and eventually burst:. Today, with the astonishing growth of one tech startup after another, it may seem like history is bound to repeat itself sooner or later. However, in the wake of the early s bubble burst, a shift occurred in the priorities of technology companies and workers that may help prevent future collapses of this magnitude.
http://objectifcoaching.com/components/pacific/rencontre-bzh.php For example, greater importance was placed on base compensation and the value of a strong business plan. This was especially true among workers that were burned when the bubble burst. Investors also tend to be more careful these days instead of jumping on board at the first sign of consumer interest. When the dot-com bubble burst, it served as a reminder that sound business and investing principles need to be followed for long-term success—no matter how hot a new trend might be. Entrepreneurs still need to pursue a vision, stay relevant, adapt to user needs, build cross-industry relationships, and expand via mergers or acquisitions if needed.
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